Agricultural Training


• Agroecology will sustain and enhance the health of the soil, plant, animal, humans and the planet as one, and all aspects are inseparable.
• Agroecology is based on living ecological systems and cycles, agroecology works with them, emulates them and helps sustain them.
• Agroecology builds on relationships that ensure fairness with regard to the common environment and life opportunities.
• Agroecology is managed in a precautionary and responsible manner to protect the health and wellbeing of current and future generations and the environment



History of Agriculture
• Brief insight into the history of modern agriculture
• Separation of the four streams of Agriculture
• The turning point through Johan von Liebig
• The green revolution
• Modern conventional agriculture
• Modern alternative streams of agriculture (Kyusei, Bio-dynamics…)

The Four Kingdoms of Nature
An insight into how does modern human man immerse him / herself into the natural world.


The Environment Influencing Agriculture – working with Permaculture principles
Subjects include:


• Topography
• Water
• The nature of water
• Rain and water harvesting
• Erosion
• Slope
• Light
• Temperature
• Wind
• Pollutants
• Zone/sector planning

Subjects covering agricultural soils include amongst others:


• The formation of soils through climate.
• Living organisms, parent material, topography, time
• Soil profile and properties of soil
• Soil texture
• pH
• Soil organic matter
• Soil moisture
• Simple soil tests


Basic Botany
Subjects include:


• Plant structure
• Seed
• Root
• Leaf
• Stem
• Flower
• Soil
• Water
• Temperature as influences
• Light



  • What is compost ? an introduction
  •  Principles of organic & Biodynamic composting and the natural composting processes
  • Materials for organic & Biodynamic composting
  • Practical organic & Biodynamic composting
  • Uses of organic & Biodynamic composts
  • Environmental aspects
  • Types of organic & Biodynamic compost
  • Earthworms


Effective microorganisms (EM)
Understanding the concepts and role of micro-organisms
• The making and use of EM and all the different EM derivatives (see page on Kyusei Farming) in an agroecological context


Fertilizing preparations
This subject will include an approach to fertilising the soil and nourishing plants through the use of:
• Organic & Biodynamic Manure teas
• Comfrey/nettle tea
• Seaweed extracts
• Organic & Biodynamic Compost tea
• Green manures


Pest and Disease Control
This subject will look at identifying the different pests and diseases and their control. Preventative precautions will also be addressed. The skills acquired in this block will enable the grower to understand insect, pest and diseases control from the organic & Biodynamic point of view. Organic & Biodynamic pest, insect and disease control methods and applications will be discussed.


• Garden/bed layout (time and space)
• Record keeping
• Mulching
• Tools/use of tools
• Harvesting techniques
• Seed saving
• Organic & Biodynamic Crop rotation, companion planting
• Marketing strategies, co-ops, CSA, box schemes etc.


• Organic & Biodynamic poultry

  •  Layers
  • Broilers

• Bees
• Organic & Biodynamic Cattle

  •  Beef
  • Dairy

Lindros will provide a comprehensive reference manual to the participating group/s. This organic & Biodynamic training can be done on site


If so desired time following the completion of the course could be allocated to addressing the way forward with a conceptual plan drawn up in conjunction with the farmers and the relevant community members. This is an alternative offered so that a plan of intent can be drawn up with participants applying their newly acquired skills to the site specific conditions of there working environments.